Anna Coleman Ladd
Anna Coleman Ladd was born in Philadelphia and educated in Europe where she studied Sculpture in Paris and Rome. In 1917, she founded the American Red Cross 'Studio for Portrait Masks' to make cosmetic masks for facially wounded soldiers. The French soldiers would come to the studio to have a facial cast made from clay. This cast would then be used to construct a galvanised copper prosthetic piece. The copper was painted to match the skin tone and accessories like spectacles could be added.